A New Safe Sarcophagus (NSC) of 36,000 tons will protect the world from Chernobyl radiation for the next 100 years. “The Ark“, as it is known in Ukraine, in the complex work, is about containing more than 200 tons of radioactive material from Chernobyl.
The project, funded by the International Chernobyl Protection Fund under the auspices of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, cost some USD 1,692 million and nine years to build. The Ukrainian government will soon take control of the new structure.
The containment building 110 meters high, 150 meters wide and 256 meters long, and 36,000 tons was built 180 meters from the reactor. It was inaugurated in 2016 as the largest mobile structure built to date in the world.
In November of that year, the structure with the half cylinder was placed by a sophisticated radio system on the steel and concrete sarcophagus. This scaffolding has covered the core of Reactor 4 since November 1986, seven months after the explosion that exposed it.
Chernobyl reactor 4 burned down and exploded on April 26, 1986, causing some 4,000 deaths, hundreds of miles of evacuations and damage worth hundreds of miles of millions of dollars.
The explosion caused radiation in the local area, including the nearby regions of Belarus and other parts of Europe.
The New Safe Sarcophagus is designed to contain the radioactive remains of unit 4 of Chernobyl for the next 100 years.
The next objective is to replace the previous sarcophagus. To do this, it is equipped with remote controlled cranes in order to dismantle the old structure.