The fight against HIV in Latin America has reversed, according to the latest report of the Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS. The rate of infection of the virus in the region has grown by 7% between 2010 and 2018.
The document, presented on Tuesday, points to a slowdown in the decline of global cases, something the UN has described as “worrisome”. The data indicate that around 100,000 people contract the virus every year in the Americas, where Brazil contributes more than half of the cases.
The region between 2005 and 2013 had registered a decrease of 3%. The most recent figures have now placed Latin America among the areas to be monitored in the coming years.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia offer sensitive statistics on the subject. Also, Latin America appears as one of the regions of the world with the worst data in the fight against HIV, according to the global report of the United Nations.
Brazil, the most populous country, has suffered a 21% increase and has dragged the continent to the red. It is not, however, the one that has worsened.
Between 2010 and 2018, the rate of new annual contagions has grown by 34% in Chile, 22% in Bolivia and 21% in Costa Rica. In addition, infections have increased in Uruguay, Honduras, Guatemala and Argentina, but in ranges of less than 10%. While in Mexico the rate has remained stable.
More HIV statistics in Latin America
These notably negative data, in a continent where the last year there were some 35,000 due to AIDS, have been compensated by the numbers of other countries that reported good figures.
El Salvador, with the best results in the region, has achieved a reduction of almost half of the new cases over the past eight years. Colombia, Ecuador and Paraguay have followed the same path by showing significant progress with reductions of 22, 12 and 11%, respectively.
In the world there are currently some 37.9 million people infected, of which 1.9 million reside in Latin America. Only two-thirds of them have access to antiretrovirals, according to the report.
The UN estimates that during the past year about 1.7 million contracted the virus and some 770,000 patients died from AIDS-related diseases.
The slowdown puts at risk, according to the report, the goals set for 2020, which propose that most people living with HIV know their status, that the majority of those diagnosed receive antiretroviral therapy on an ongoing basis and that , the greater amount has viral suppression.
However, the United Nations has warned that at this rate, these goals would not be achieved.
Source: El País